The 1st World War and the world-wide economic depression caused a setback to
scientific research globally - much more so in India whose scientists found it
difficult even to publish their research work since they had to be almost
entirely dependent on foreign journals. The post World War India also saw the
rise of the freedom movement which incidentally also drew attention to the
numerous problems of the Indian people like poverty, hunger, diseases, recurrent
floods, droughts, famines etc. Patriotic scientists felt deeply concerned with
It was in this background that the idea of establishing a forum for scientists,
which would bring them together to discuss and find scientific solutions to the
problems of the country, was mooted by Prof. Meghnad Saha, a great scientist,
patriot and then Professor of Physics at Allahabad University in 1929. His views
were published in December 1929 issue of the Allahabad University magazine in an
article entitled 'A Plea for an Academy of Sciences'.
Thus, the National Academy of Sciences, India (initially called “The Academy of
Sciences of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh”) was founded in the year 1930,
with the objectives to provide a national forum for the publication of research
work carried out by Indian scientists and to provide opportunities for exchange
of views among them. The Memorandum of Association was signed by seven
distinguished and patriotic scientists namely Prof. Meghnad Saha, Prof. K.N.
Bahl, Prof. D.R. Bhattacharya, Prof. P.C. MacMohan, Prof. A.C. Banerji, Prof.
Ch. Wali Mohammad and Prof. N.R. Dhar. Of these, the Academy had the good
fortune of having the continued association of Prof. N.R. Dhar until very lately
when he expired on December 5, 1986 at the age of 96 years. Apart from being one
of the founders of the Academy and taking continued interest in its welfare,
Prof. Dhar also donated the piece of land on which the Academy building stands
The Rules and Regulations of the Academy were based on those of the Royal
Society of England and the Asiatic Society of Bengal. These have since been
revised and updated to meet the emerging challenges. Prof. Meghnad Saha was
elected its first President. In the Inaugural address, Prof. Saha Said :
“…..But the main function of the Academy should be towards cultural improvement
by contribution to human knowledge”. Since then, the Academy has crossed many
milestones, successfully serving the “Science & Society”. In its Silver Jubilee
Session in 1955, Prof. Saha, further emphasized the role of the Academies in
developing human scientific resources. Similarly, during the Golden Jubilee
Session of the Academy in 1980, Shrimati Indira Gandhi, Prime Minster of India
stressed that the need of hour was to ensure that science does not remain
confined to laboratories. The address delivered by His Excellency Sri R.
Venkataraman, President of India, during the Diamond Jubilee Session (1990-91)
was a timely reminder of the vision of late Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru to integrate
science with the lives of the people; and the Academy left no stone unturned in
pursuing its aim and objectives, which was appreciated by His Excellency Dr.
APJ Abdul Kalam, President of India, in his address during the Platinum Jubilee
Celebrations of the Academy in 2005. Dr. Kalam praised the role of the Academy
in boosting the zeal of the budding scientists, who could do better in future
with such support and endeavour.
The Academy undertakes several “science-society” programs under the guidance of
its Presidents and Fellows. As its Past Presidents, very distinguished
scientists like Prof. M.S. Swaminathan, Prof. Manju Sharma, Prof. P.N. Tandon,
Prof. S.K. Joshi, Prof. Jai Pal Mittal, Prof. V.P. Kamboj, Prof. Ashok Misra,
Prof. Asis Datta, Dr. K. Kasturirangan, Prof. Akhilesh K. Tyagi and Prof. Anil
Kakodkar are keenly associated with the Academy and enormously contributing to
its development. It is worth mentioning that a few other Past Presidents
(unfortunately who are not with us now), as Prof. M.G.K. Menon, Dr. V.P. Sharma,
Prof. A.K. Sharma, Dr. T.N. Khoshoo, Prof. U.S. Srivastava, Dr. A.P. Mitra and
Dr. S.Z. Qasim also contributed a lot to the development of science in general
and the Academy in particular, in the recent past.
The Academy while starting with 57 ordinary Members and 19 Fellows, has now 1765
Members and 1812 Fellows from all parts of the country; including 17 Honorary
Fellows and 103 Foreign Fellows from various disciplines of Science and
Technology. The Academy is financially supported by the Department of Science &
Technology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Govt. of India; and it is also
recognized as the Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation by the DSIR,
Govt. of India.
NASI - envisions the cultivation and promotion of Science & Technology in all
its branches through –
(a) promoting scientific and technological research related to the problems
of societal welfare;
(b) publication of proceedings, journals, memoirs, transactions and other
works as may be considered desirable;
(c) organising meetings and hold discussions on scientific and technological
(d) undertaking, through properly constituted committees and bodies, the
scientific work(s) of technological or public importance.
(e) co-operating with other organizations in India and abroad, having similar
objects, and to appoint representatives of the Academy to act on national and
(f) securing and managing funds and endowments for the promotion of science
(g) organising a Science Library;
(h) performing all other acts, matters and things that may assist in, conduce
to, or be necessary for the fulfillment of the above mentioned aims and objects
of the Academy;
(i) creating an adequate impact of the Academy all over the country, by
opening Chapters of the Academy in other cities in the country, where reasonable
number of Fellows and Members are available.
Prof. G. Padmanaban,
PhD, DSc(hc), FNASc, FNA, FASc, FTWAS, Former Director,
Indian Institute of
Science, Bangalore - 560012
Prof. Anil Kakodkar,
DSc(hc), FNASc, FASc, FNAE, FIE, Formerly Chairman, AEC &
Secretary, DAE, GOI; Chairman, TIFAC & Member AEC, BARC, Trombay, Mumbai –
Prof. S.K. Joshi,
DPhil, DSc(hc), FNASc, FNA, FASc, FTWAS, Mem.Russian Acad.Sc.,
Formerly Director General, CSIR & NASI Platinum Jubilee Chair Distinguished
Professor; # 252, National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, New
Prof. Jaya S. Tyagi,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, Professor & Head, Dept. of
Biotechnology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi
Prof. Lal Chand Rai,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FNAAS, DAE Raja Ramanna Fellow & JC Bose
National Fellow, CAS in Botany, Institute of Science, BHU, Varanasi - 221005
Prof. Balakrishnan Ramakrishnan,
PhD, FNASc, Professor-H, Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhusi,
Allahabad – 211019
Prof. P.N. Rangarajan,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, FAMS, Professor, Department of
Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560012
Prof. Paramjit Khurana,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, FNAAS, FTWAS, JC Bose National Fellow,
Professor & Head, Department of Plant Molecular Biology, University of Delhi
South Campus, Benito Juarez Road, Dhaula Kuan, New Delhi - 110021
Prof. Satya Deo,
PhD(Arkansas, USA), FNASc, Formerly Vice Chancellor, APS
University, Rewa, MP; Honorary Scientist, Harish-Chandra Research Institute,
Chhatnag Road, Jhusi, Allahabad - 211019
Prof. Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay,
Ph.D., FNASc, FNAE, Director, Indian Statistical Institute,
203, B.T. Road, Kolkata – 700108
Dr. Suchitra Banerjee,
Ph.D., FNASc, Formerly Chief Scientist, Plant Biotechnology Division, CSIR-Central
Institute of Medicinal & Aromatic Plants, PO - CIMAP, Lucknow – 226015
Prof. Balram Bhargava,
MBBS, MD, DM, FNASc, FACC, FAHA, FAMS, Secretary, Department of Health Research,
GoI; & Director General, Indian Council of Medical Research, PO Box No. 4911,
Ansari Nagar, New Delhi - 110029
Prof. Subhra Chakraborty,
PhD, FNASc, FASc, FNAAS, Staff Scientist VII, National
Institute of Plant Genome Research, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi - 110067
Dr. Swapan K. Ghosh,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, FTWAS, Distinguished Professor, UM-DAE Centre for
Excellence in Basic Sciences, Health Centre Building, University of Mumbai,
Kalina Campus, Mumbai 400098
Dr. A.S. Kiran Kumar,
FNASc, FNAE, FIETE, FAPAS, FIMS, FGSA, FISRS, Former
Chairman, ISRO & Secretary, Department of Space; 485/1, Vyoma, 80 Ft. Road, R.T.
Nagar, Bangalore – 560032
Dr. Smita Dilip Mahale,
Ph.D., FNASc, FNA, Scientist G & Director, National Institute
for Research in Reproductive Health, Jehangir Merwanji Street, Parel, Mumbai –
Dr. Gyan Chandra Mishra,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, NASI-Chair Distinguished Professor,
National Centre for Cell Science, Ganeshkhind, NCCS Complex, Pune-411007
Dr. Shailesh Nayak,
Ph.D., DSc(hc), FNASc, FASc, Director, National Institute of
Advanced Studies, Indian Institute of Science Campus, Bangalore – 560012
Prof. V. Ramgopal Rao,
PhD, FNASc, FIEEE, FNA, FASc, FNAE, FIETE, Director, Indian Institute of
Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi – 110016
Prof. Anunay Samanta,
PhD, FNASc, FNA, FASc, Professor & JC Bose National Fellow, School of Chemistry,
University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad - 500046
Dr. Dinesh Kumar
Srivastava, PhD, FNASc, FNA, Raja Ramanna Fellow, Former Director &
Distinguished Scientist, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF, Bidhan Nagar,
Kolkata – 700064
Dr. Anil Kumar
Tripathi, PhD, FNASc, FNA, FNAAS, FRBS, FAMI, Director, CSIR-Central
Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Near Kukrail Picnic Spot, PO CIMAP,
Lucknow – 226015
Prof. Umesh Vasudeo Waghmare,
Ph.D.(Yale), FNASc, FNA, FASc, Professor, Theoretical Sciences Unit, Jawaharlal
Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore – 560064
DST Secretary’s Nominee –
Prof. Sibaji Raha, Ph.D.,
FNASc, Former Director, Bose Institute, P-1/12, CIT Scheme VII-M, Kolkata –
NASI (in a nutshell):
The Academy (NASI) organized various activities under the presidentship of
Professor Anil Kakodkar, former Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission of India
during the year 2017-18. The Past Presidents, namely Professor M.S. Swaminathan,
Professor (Mrs.) Manju Sharma, Professor S.K. Joshi, Professor Ashok Misra,
Professor Asis Datta, Dr V. P. Kamboj, Dr. K. Kasturirangan and Professor
Akhilesh K. Tyagi also took keen interest in the dissemination of science in
general and the development of the Academy, in particular. The noteworthy
accomplishments with the kind cooperation of its Fellows and Members, and major
(financial) support of the DST, New Delhi, are as follows:
NASI published the Proceedings of NASI, Sec. A & B, each in IV parts and
National Academy Science Letters in VI parts, in collaboration with the Springer
India Pvt. Ltd.
Science Letters received Impact Factor (IF) as 0.519 in 2017 from Thomson
Reuters; about 266 papers were received from twenty five countries.
PNASI, Sec. A received
Impact Factor (IF) as 0.754 in 2017 from Thomson Reuters; and 175 papers
were received from thirteen countries.
The PNASI, Sec. B
received Cite Score as 0.62 in 2017 from Scopus; and papers were received
from nineteen countries.
An important Special
Issue on ‘Remote Sensing’ was also published.
Indian Science, its Competitive Strength and its Relevance to National Needs
(a report by the NASI Study Group), was published and sent to different
‘Proceedings of the Mega-event including significant recommendations’
has also been published; and being sent to all concerned.
The 9 volumes on the
History of Science in India were distributed to the concerned government and
non-government agencies for dissemination of knowledge.
The ‘Vision Document’
on Women in Science was also distributed.
Three reports on
Nutritional Survey & Analysis (in collaboration with ICMR-NIN, Hyderabad) on the
rural/semi-urban population of Allahabad, Hyderabad and Vadodara, were published
after extensive work in these regions in last three years.
Science Communication Activities
The highlights of these activities were Children Science
Meet, Summer & Winter Schools, Vocational Training Programmes, Teachers’
Training Workshops, Scientific Writing Contest, Vigyan, Jal & Health Chaupals,
Seminars, and celebration of the National Technology Day, the National
Science Day, the National Mathematics Day and the World Environment Day
etc. The Academy also encouraged the teachers for out-of-the-class science
activities by recognizing their talent and giving away NASI-Science Teacher’s
Awards to them.
NASI’s 20 Chapters spread across India, organized hundreds of science
communication activities in and around their respective regions throughout the
year. More than 20,000 students and teachers benefitted from these activities.
A series of workshops on Scientific Paper Writing have
been organized by the Academy (since 2012) to train the young researchers in the
art and ethics of scientific writing. So far, 14 such workshops have been
organized at BHU, Varanasi; SGPGI, Lucknow; NASI HQs, Allahabad; Udaipur;
Mumbai; Dehradun; Pune, Amrawati, Nainital and Rishikesh; out of which 3 were
organized during the year 2017-18.
Two Science Awareness Programmes (relating to health
issues) were organized for the Army personnel.
Scheduled Tribe Sub-Plan Programmes
An innovative programme was launched under this head for improving the
socio-economic status of the Scheduled Tribes of about 15 regions of the
country, as for-
Bioeconomy for the Scheduled Tribes: Emphasis has been
given on Bioresources and biodiversity development, conservation and
utilization, as well as on Value addition.
S&T Interventions: For ensuring Safe Water and
Sanitation, eradicating Malnutrition, Malaria and other communicable diseases,
Data accumulation, analysis and utilization:
Specially on the vast knowledge bank of ethnic medical practices and ethos, as
well as the wide spread biodiversity of the tribal areas.
S&T Entrepreneurship development
Training programs for entrepreneurs – To inculcate
the spirit of entrepreneurship in the youth and in line with the National
Mission Programmes of Skill Development and Start Up India, NASI organised
programmes with ‘Hands-on training’ at Chitrakoot and Jamshedpur. Young,
potential candidates interested in entrepreneurship benefited from these
Awareness and Training – on Nutrition, Safe drinking water, Health & hygiene etc. A
mixed participation of rural and urban population was ensured. This was included
in the spirit of “Swasth Bharat Mission”.
Safe drinking water and pollution abatement
- especially for the rural areas and municipal workers. This was included in the
spirit of “Swachh Bharat Mission”. A Brain Storming on ‘Safe Water and
Sanitation’ was also held at Allahabad on Sept.15-17, 2017; a large number
of scientists, municipal workers, researchers and others attended the
brainstorming sessions. Also, a book on ‘Water and Sanitation in the New
Millennium’, edited by Prof. K. J. Nath and Late Prof. V. P.
Sharma was published/ released during the Inaugural Session.
Sensitization Programmes for Women Researchers/Scientists
The Academy organized 25 workshops on Technological Empowerment of Women
in different parts of the country during the last 5 years. More than 10000 women
scientists/researchers were sensitized under this programme. A Vision
Document-Report on Women in Science in India was also released.
Therefore, a Mega Event was planned to spread the message on an
International scale. The Mega Event was held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on the
auspicious occasion of International Women’s Day, i.e. on March 8-9, 2018
with Dr Harsh Vardhan, Hon’ble Minister for Science & Technology, Govt. of
India, as the Chief Guest; and thousands of women scientists, teachers and
researchers from all across the country. The event was addressed by world famous
scientists as Prof. Anil Kakodkar, Prof. M. S. Swaminathan, father of Green
Revolution in India, Prof. K. VijayRaghavan, Principal Scientific Adviser to the
Government of India, Prof. Manju Sharma (Convener), former Secretary to the
Govt. of India, Dr Renu Swarup, Secretary to the Govt. of India, Department of
Biotechnology, Dr Balram Bhargava, Secretary to the Govt. of India, Department
of Health & Family Welfare, five foreign scientists from different countries and
several others. The ‘Proceedings of the Mega-event including significant
recommendations’ has been published; and being sent to all concerned.
Science Education Programmes in joint collaboration with National Science
NASI, together with other two Science Academies - Indian National Science
Academy, New Delhi and Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore jointly sponsors
the Summer/Winter Research Fellowship under the joint Science Education Panel
to provide opportunities to bright UG and PG students and teachers to usefully
spend their summer/winter vacations.
Annual Session/Symposia/Seminars & Scientific Discussions
Recently, the Academy organised its 87th Annual Session and a
Symposium on ‘Basic Research - its role in national development’, held on
8-10 December, 2017 at Savitribai Phule Pune University, Ganeshkhind Road, Pune.
Also, the 88th Annual Session of NASI and a Symposium on ‘Science,
Technology and Ecosystem for Sustainable Rural Development’, were jointly
organized by Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya (MGCGV) &
Deendayal Research Institute (DRI), Chitrakoot, Satna, M. P. on Dec. 6-8, 2018,
as a part of the celebration of 150th Birth Anniversary of ‘Ba &
Bapu’ and 125th Birth Anniversary of Prof. Meghnad Saha. More
than 600 researchers and scientists participated in each of these events. Other
seminars/symposia were also organised by NASI.
Fellowship / Membership
To recognize the outstanding scientific contributions of the scientists, the
Academy awards every year the prestigious Fellowship/Membership to some of them.
More than 100 scientists working in different areas of Science &
Technology were selected from all across the country in the year 2018. It also
awarded a few Foreign Fellowships to scientists who are working in different
countries and have collaborated with scientists from India.
Library services were enriched through digitization of the library and
subscribing more books. The library is connected to National Knowledge
Network (NKN); Internet facility is being provided to the students and
research scholars free of cost.
Recognition and Awards-
The following awards were given in the year 2018:
Industries Platinum Jubilee Awards for the Application Oriented
Innovations covering both Physical and Biological Sciences to six distinguished
NASI-Young Scientist Platinum Jubilee Awards to
about dozen young scientists/researchers in the fields of Biological/Physical/
11th NASI Scopus Awards to 9 young scientists/researchers;
NASI-Senior Scientist Platinum Jubilee Fellowships;
Professor M. G. K. Menon Memorial Award;
NASI – Swarna Jayanti Puruskars
for Best Paper Presentation to about half a dozen young scientists/researchers,
in the 88th Annual Session;
NASI – Springer Awards for Best Paper Presentation to about half a dozen young
scientists/researchers, in the Annual Session (started in 2015 in collaboration
with the Springer India Pvt. Ltd.);
Memorial Lecture Awards to about 15 eminent scientists;
NASI – Science and Maths Teacher Awards by
NASI HQ & Chapters to many teachers.
Handing-over of Brahmaputra Gallery to the Govt. of Assam at Guwahati, Assam;
and establishment of Cauvery Gallery at Mysuru
Following the establishment of Ganga Gallery in the year 2011
at NASI Headquarters, Allahabad, the Academy established another river gallery
on Brahmaputra River in Guwahati, Assam in 2015; which is now being
handed over to the Govt. of Assam; but it will remain as the joint property of
NASI and Assam Govt.
The work on the third gallery on River Cauvery has also
been completed at Mysuru, Karnataka with the major support from the
Government of Karnataka.
Major and Unique National
(IGNOU, New Delhi has included the gallery in its syllabus/projects; UP Tourism
and Consortium of IITs have also included the gallery on their websites) and the
Brahmaputra gallery have been dedicated to the nation. The third on
Cauvery has also been established recently at Mysuru. The restoration of
Baolies (step wells) is an important step for assuring safe water supply to
the rural population of Bundelkhand. The library of the Academy is
also serving our nation for more than 87 years.
Important collaborations (national
and global) established:
The NASI together with other two Science Academies - Indian
National Science Academy, New Delhi and Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore is
jointly sponsoring the Summer Research Fellowship under the joint Science
Continuing its established collaboration with the Reliance
Industries, SCOPUS and Springer, for recognizing the talent in scientific
Also organized many science communication/ popularisation activities in
collaboration with the Indian Universities/ IITs & other Institutes/CSIR
Laboratories/ NCSM and other prestigious institutions.